A 2003 American Army Field Manual (FM 3-06) on combat in cities and built up areas, titled “Urban Operations” analyzes the Israeli Army’s siege of Beirut in 1982, which was targeted at removing the PLO from Lebanon. Paragraph A-7 states:

“The PLO knew of the Israeli aversion to causing civilian casualties and purposely located key military centers, troop concentrations and logistics and weapons systems in and amongst the population—particularly the refugee Palestinian population in the southern part of West Beirut. Tactically, they used the civilians to hide their forces and infiltrate Israeli positions.”

Does that sounds familiar?

See the full document below.

FM 3-06, Urban Operations (June 2003)

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